arthashastra of kautilya pdf

In short, the Arthashastra is a ms visio 2007 activation code mixture of both what we applaud today and what we consider to be reprehensible.
There are three distinct parts in this manual:.
The treatise is about an ideal state - not that such a state actually ever existed or is even likely to exist now or in the future.It is a pioneering work on statecraft in all its aspects, written at least one thousand five hundred years ago.Book VI, "The Source of Sovereign States".Manual of Instruction for kings and officers of the state.A better guidebook has not hit the market yet.more.The Best in the Market We have seen that the Arthashastra is an exhaustive and detailed inventory of everything a state should do and everything every minor official should.
But, as a teacher of practical statecraft, he advocated unethical methods in the furtherance of national interest, but always with very strict qualification.
We, therefore, find in it a description of an elaborate administrative machinery.' A ruler's duties in the internal administration of the country are three-fold: raksha or protection of the state from external aggression, palana or maintenance of law and order within the state, and yogakshema.
THE science OF good governance, the, arthashastra is the most comprehensive treatise on statecraft of classical times, and perhaps of all time.A Note About The Translation, this translation by Rangarajan is a good reference book if you are coming back to Arthashastra for reference, but not particularly good for a first reading.The Branches Of Knowledge, traditionally, in classical Indian texts, the four branches of knowledge are considered to be: 1) Philosophy, 2) The Three Vedas, 3) Economics, and 4) The Science of Government.Kautilya has a great deal to say about civic responsibility; the obligation of every householder to take precautions against fire is mentioned; so is a prohibition on cutting trees in public parks.He reveals the imagination of a romancer in imagining all manner of scenarios which can hardly have been commonplace in real life.It is said to have been written.Indeed, the theory deals with not just three states, but with a twelve. .Here is a sample of how much more nuanced that simple understanding could be, with a little effort: This popular view is not only simplistic but untrue.And because it is instructional, it is basis is the practice of government.Reality And The Ideal The picture of the ideal Kautilyan state that emerges from our discussion above is one of a well-run state, prosperous and bustling with activity.Book III, "Concerning Law book IV, "The Removal of Thorns".